SAINT FRANCIS

1182–1226

Saint Francis is a Catholic saint (real name Giovanni Francesco di Pietro Bernardone). In 1207, he took the vow of poverty, and in 1210 founded the mendicant Franciscan order. The monks wore grey or brown frocks and girdled themselves with a three-knot rope symbolizing the vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. In 1224, during the Holy-Cross Day, he received the stigmata, making him the first saint to bear the wounds of Christ's passion.

Attributes: grey frock, skull, stigmata.