There are at least three names and interpretations of this composition. Adam Ritter von Bartsch, the author of the first very complete catalogue of Dürer's prints, published in the beginning of 19th century, called the image The Great Fortune. Vasari thought that the print depicted one of the human temperaments. The real name was given by the artist himself; it goes back to his diary of the journey to the Netherlands in 1520–1521. The picture is an interpretation of the poem by the Italian Politian, published in 1498. Nemesis is the Greek goddess of retribution, destiny and justice. She holds a bridle to restrain the arrogant and a cup to reward the worthy ones.